There is a mistaken belief that, in qualitative research samples, the numbers are not important to ensure an appropriate sampling strategy. Defining the appropriate number of participants in a qualitative research is basically a matter of judgment and experience when evaluating the quality of the collected information. Qualitative interviews are the most commonly used in the health care field. Semistructured interviews are based on a flexible structure, which consists of open questions defining the area to be explored; in-depth interviews are less structured and can include one or two aspects, but are much more detailed.
These types of interviews depend on the researcher's sensitivity and ability. As for the registration of interviews, it can be done using the following: note taking on the spot, note taking after the interview and audio recording. Interviews are essential elements for the proper development of data collection in studies with families. They may be followed by observation methods, which was the case in 4 8. In this approach, the researcher systematically watches people and events in order to observe their behaviors and everyday relationships.
These are often used to analyze the daily work of health care professionals. In addition to data collection in the analyzed studies, the ecomap and genogram were used. The ecomap refers to the diagram of the relationship between the family and the community and it contributes to the evaluation of the available social support and networks and their use by the family.
The genogram also provides clear knowledge about which members are part of the family, whether or not they are related by blood and, consequently, it provides basis for discussion and family interaction analysis. Final considerations. The concept of family has been changing as a result of the introduction of new behaviors, attitudes, affections and social relationships, enabling the rising of new concepts of family. To approach and discuss a study focused on the family involves particular and responsible criteria.
The sources used in this study show the need to discuss the qualitative methodology when the subject of the study is the family. Discussing the methodological problems of qualitative studies about family can be challenging for nursing professionals, for example the definition of family, the access, data collection methods and data management. It is noted that studies involving families have similar attributes to those involving individuals, however, they also have different features.
The participants representing the family in the analyzed studies were mainly the caregivers. No matter the kinship degree, the target of the study was the family member responsible for the care of others. When the focus of the analysis was on children's health care, the participants were the parents or the grandparents. The care, as the center point in Professional Nursing, should be visualized through more precise methods, so that this knowledge is as close as possible to the planned and implemented health care actions.
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Concerning Professional Nursing in Brazil, there is the need for improvement in the technics used in qualitative family research methods. Despite the awareness that families could be viewed through individual members' perceptions, like in the analyzed studies, this study suggests that other studies could discuss the issue about the number of participants per family, so that the quality of family experiences demonstrates the real needs of the Brazilian population.
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Emerging Methods in Family Research
Davis continue to help students better understand the research results they encounter in doing family research. Using real-life examples to illustrate important concepts that family researchers encounter regularly, the text covers traditional quantitative methods, qualitative methods, and the mixed-method approach.
Population Research Institute
Written in a clear, concise style, this book differs from other research methods texts, which focus on teaching students how to produce research, by teaching them how to consume research in a sophisticated, effective manner. The book introduces the basic concepts of social science research methods without excessive technical details.
Greenstein is a father, husband, teacher, author, and researcher. He received his Ph. His research program focuses on the intersection of work and family. His publications on the division of household labor, marital stability, and the effects of maternal employment on child well-being have appeared in Social Forces, the Journal of Marriage and Family, the Journal of Family Issues, and the Journal of Comparative Family Studies.
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